Knowledge in Building Information Modeling in Finland and in Quebec
Building Information Modelling implementation has been pushed by various initiatives in the Finland, Norway, USA, Denmark, Singapore and Hong Kong. Each country has its own vision of BIM implementation, history and approach for the push. However, there is still inertia in Quebec for the adoption of BIM where large proportion of projects are still delivered in a traditional way (Poirier et al. 2014; Tahrani et al. 2015). Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a collaborative way of working, underpinned by the digital technologies, which unlock more efficient methods of designing, creating and maintaining our assets. BIM embeds key product, asset data and a virtual 3D model that can be used for effective management of information throughout a project lifecycle – from earliest concept to operation (Eastman et al. 2011).